Karate Terminology

English and Japanese Terms

Counting

One ichi ee-chee
Two ni nee
Three san sahn
Four shi shee
Five go goh
Six roku roh-koo
Seven shichi shee-chee
Eight hachi hah-chee
Nine ku koo
Ten ju joo

General

Assume stance kamaete kah-mah-eh-teh
At Ease yasume yah-soo-meh
Basics kihon kee-hohn
Begin hajime hah-jee-meh
Black belt rank dan dahn
Bow rei reh-ee
Escape methods torite toh-ree-teh
Forms kata kah-tah
Instructor sensei sehn-seh-ee
Master shihan shee-han
Maximum physical/mental coordination kime kee-meh
Meditate mokuso moh-koo-soh
Turn around kaette kah-eh-te
Punching board makiwara mah-kee-wah-rah
Ready yoi yoh-ee
School dojo doh-joh
Standing forms tachikata tah-chee-tah-tah
Throwing exercises nagewaza nah-geh-wah-zah
Training uniform gi gee
Training uniform belt obi oh-bee
Shout kiai ki-ah-ee
White/brown belt rank kyu kyoo

Stances

Back stance kokutsu-dachi koh-koo-tsoo-dah-chee
Cat stance neko-ashi-dachi neh-koh-ah-shee-dah-chee
Close-leg stance heisoku-dachi heh-ee-soh-koo-dah-chee
Front stance zenkutsu-dachi zehn-koo-tsoo-dah-chee
Half-front facing stance hanmi-dachi hahn-mee-dah-chee
Immovable stance fudo-dachi foo-doh-dah-chee
Open-leg stance
hachiji-dachi hah-chee-jee-dah-chee
Horse stance kiba-dachi kee-bah-dah-chee

Blocks

X- block juji uke joo-jee oo-kay
Downward block gedan barai geh-dahn bah-rah-ee
Inside forearm block Uchi-uke oo-chee-oo-kay
Outside forearm block ude uke oo-deh oo-kay
Knife-hand block shuto uke shoo-toh oo-kay
Palm-heel block teisho uke teh-ee-shoh oo-kay
Rising block age uke ah-geh oo-kay
Two-hand block morote uke moh-roh-teh oo-kay

Striking & Punching Techniques

Back-fist strike uraken uchi oo-rah-ken oo-chee
Bottom-fist strike tettsui uchi teht-soo-ee oo-chee
Double punch morote-zuki moh-roh-teh zoo-kee
Elbow strike enpi ehn-pee
Knife-hand strike shuto uchi shoo-toh oo-chee
Hook punch kagi-zuki kah-gee zoo-kee
Jab Kizami-zuki key-zah-me zoo-kee
Lunge punch oi-zuki oh-ee zoo-kee
One-knuckle fist ippon ken ee-pohn kehn
Straight punch Choku-zuki cho-koo zoo-kee
Reverse punch gyaku-zuki gyah-koo zoo-kee
Ridge hand haito hah-ee-toh
Rising punch age-zuki ah-geh zoo-kee
Spear hand nukite noo-kee-teh

Kicking Techniques

Crescent kick mikazuki geri mee-kah-zoo-kee geh-ree
Double front kick nidan geri nee-dahn geh-ree
Front kick mae geri mah-ee geh-ree
Back kick ushiro geri oo-shee-roh geh-ree
Round kick mawashi geri mah-wah-shee geh-ree
Side-snap kick yoko-geri keage yoh-koh-geh-ree keh-ah-geh
Side-thrust kick yoko-geri kekomi yoh-koh-geh-ree keh-koh-mee
Stamping Kick fumikomi foo-mee-koh-mee

Sparring

Free style sparring jiyu kumite jee-yoo koo-mee-teh
One-attack basic sparring kihon ippon kumite kee-hohn eep-pohn goo-mee-teh
One-attack semi-free sparring jiyu-ippon kumite jee-yoo eep-pohn goo-mee-teh
Three-attack sparring sanbon kumite sahn-bohn goo-mee-teh